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报考硕士土耳其共和国语语法,攻陷大旨难关

文章作者:必发娱乐手机版 上传时间:2019-04-27

  虚拟语气是考研[微博]英语阅读理解、完形填空和翻译一个很常见的语法现象。但是其形式多,很多考生在判断辨识上有一定难度。那下面跨考教育[微博]肖方方老师就此考点带领大家一起学习一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if 引导的从句类;从句中(should)do

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第十二讲 虚拟语气

  句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。我们今天先学习第一类别。

开团时间:2014.05.05 10:30

一。考纲要求

  我们知道由if 引导的条件句有两种形式,一种是真实的条件句,也就说是某事很可能发生,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种情况发生的概率也是很高的。例如If you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, youmust know how to identify shared experiences and problems。(2002。Text1 )(如果你想在谈话中用幽默来使人发笑,你就必须知道如何识别共同的经历和共同的问题。)

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根据考纲的要求,虚拟语气部分主要考查情态动词的选择、虚拟语气在条件句中、在名词性从句中、在简单句中或在日常交际中的使用等基本用法。

  另一种就非真实条件句,通过虚拟语气来表达。例如Iwould have arrived much earlier if I had not been caught in the traffic。(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在这句话中,假设“不堵塞”,但是真实情况并不是这样,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的形式:

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二。命题导向

  1)与现在事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/ should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were。

课程详情

依据语境来判断虚拟语气的不同形式是高考试题的主要设题方法之一。在近年的高考试题中,出现了对陈述语气与虚拟语气辨析的考查。虚拟语气在各种从句中的应用是该部分的重点掌握内容。

  If you then examined theEuropean national youth teams that feed the World Cup and professional ranks,you would find this strange phenomenon to be ever more pronounced。(2007,text 1)(查看为世界杯和专业队输送人才的欧洲国家青年队,你会发现这一奇怪的现象更加明显。)

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三。复习要点

  2)与过去事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去完成时,主句用would/could/should have done 。

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虚拟语气是一种特殊的动词形式,说话人陈述的并不是事实,而是表达一种愿望、假设和猜测等。只有在非真实的条件句中才使用虚拟语气,如果假设的条件有可能实现,用真实条件句。如果假设的条件无法实现或实现的可能性很小,则用虚拟语气。使用虚拟语气的情况主要有下列几种:

  If he had played lastseason,however,he would have been one of 42. (2008 text3 )(如果他打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

专业品质,品质教育!

  1. 虚拟语气在非真实条件句中的运用

  3)与将来事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或 were to do 结构,主句中用 would /could/should 加动词原形。

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(1) if条件状语从句中的虚拟语气

  If you were to examine thebirth certificates of every soccer player in 2006’s World Cup tournament, youwould most likely find a noteworthy quirk: elite soccer players are more likelyto have been born in the earlier months of the year than in the latermonths。(2007 text 1)(如果查看2006年世界杯联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的奇怪现象:好的足球运动员都在一年的头几个月而不是后几个月出生。)

远离死记硬背,高效快乐学英语!

非真实条件句表示不可能实现的或实现的可能性很小假设。条件句与主句皆须用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的时态形式有三种:

  4)混合时态的虚拟

一步跨越语法难关!

①表示与现在事实相反的假设,从句的谓语动词用“动词过去式(be一般用were)”,主句的谓语动词用“should (would, could, might) 动词原形”。例如:

  指的是主句和从句分别表示两个时态,动词形式依照上述三种形式进行相应的变化。

现在就去团>>

If you were the UN Secretary General, could you stop the wars on the earth?

  If he had put all theimportant files in the safe yesterday, his boss wouldn’t be scolding him soangrily now。(如果昨天他把所有重要文件都放在保险箱中,他的老板现在也不会这个严厉的说他。)

瑞思学科英语怎么样

If he had a chance, he would/should/ might/could choose to study abroad。

  5)省if 将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语之前,变成倒装句,考生对这种形式应该理解和掌握。

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②表示与过去事实相反的假设,从句的谓语动词用“had 过去分词”,主句的谓语动词用“should (would, could, might) have 过去分词”。

  Had it not for the timelyinvestment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as itis。(1998 )(如果不是群众投资,我们的公司不会像现在这么兴旺。)

开团时间:2014.5.4 10:30

If Li Ming had spent more time on her studies, she might/would/could/should have been admitted to Tsinghua University last year。

  6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如with,without, under…condition, but for 。

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③表示一种假设在将来实现的可能性很小或者根本无法实现,从句谓语动词可用三种形式:①动词过去式 ②were to 动词原形 ③should 动词原形,主句谓语动词用:should (would, could, might) 动词原形。

  And if one received agrape without having to provide her token in exchange at all, the other eithertossed her own token at the researcher or out of the chamber, or refused toaccept the slice of cucumber。(2005 text 1 )(如果一只猴子甚至没有用石块就能得到葡萄,另一只猴子就会向研究人员扔石头,或者把石头扔出房间,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

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⑵ 省略连词if 的虚拟条件句中

  这是比较常规和比较容易辨识的虚拟语气,希望同学们多加练习。肖方方老师也希望广大的考生在复习的过程中把遇到的所有长难句都进行汇总到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对性提高。

课程详情

如果把连接条件从句的连词if省略,必须将从句的谓语部分的助动词had, 情态动词should或系动词were等移至主语之前,构成倒装语序。例如:

  为尊重原创,转载请注明出处!

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Had he known my address(=If he had known my address), he would have visited me earlier。

  文章来源:跨考教育 肖方方-英语教研室

名师介绍

Should I meet Jay Zhou some day(=If I should meet Jay Zhou some day), I might tell him that I like him.

付建利毕业于北京外国语大学,英语语言文学专业。多年来在高校及多家知名培训机构从事英语教学工作,讲授英美文学选读,西方文化史,CATTI笔译阅读,新概念英语4等课程,中央财经大学美国高等教育学位项目部特邀英美文学课程主讲。常年担任王长喜全国大学英语四六级词汇课程、阅读课程等主讲,北京市教委人人说英语大奖赛英文评委,北京人民广播之声英语频道AM774《Ask Me About名师在线》栏目嘉宾,主持《阅读Style——品读经典名著》 以及《英语早餐》 等英语教学节目。在教学实践中将知识讲授与文学文化鉴赏共冶一炉,独创英语阅读逻辑分析法等受到业内广泛认可。

Were I you(=If you were I), I would get on well with my teachers and classmates。

品牌介绍

【记忆小窍门】可提到句首的词有三个:had, should和were。谐音记忆:一马当先“还属我”。

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⑶含蓄虚拟条件句

冲破四六级枷锁!

有时,可不用条件句表示一个非真实的条件,而用一些介词短语或通过上下文中暗含某种非真实的条件,这种句子叫做“含蓄条件句”。例如:

告别题海,和四六级说拜拜!

①通过with, without, but for和动词不定式短语等表示虚拟的条件

现在就去团>>

She’d look better with shorter hair. =if she had her hair cut shorter

英孚教育课程价格表

Without your help, we could not have completed the task ahead of time. =If it had not been for your help…

虚拟语气是很多英语学者的难题,小编这里找到了虚拟语气的详细语法内容,希望对大家有帮助。

But for the heavy snow, I could have gone on holiday. =If there had not been the heavy snow…

考研英语:虚拟语气知多少 (一)

She would be shocked to hear the news. =If she heard the news…

虚拟语气是考研英语阅读理解、完形填空和翻译一个很常见的语法现象。但是其形式多,很多考生在判断辨识上有一定难度。那下面跨考教育肖方方老师就此考点带领大家一起学习一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if 引导的从句类;从句中(should)do 句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。我们今天先学习第一类别。

It would be easier to do it in this way. =If you did it in this way…

我们知道由if 引导的条件句有两种形式,一种是真实的条件句,也就说是某事很可能发生,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种情况发生的概率也是很高的。例如If you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, you must know how to identify shared experiences and problems.(2002。Text1 )(如果你想在谈话中用幽默来使人发笑,你就必须知道如何识别共同的经历和共同的问题。)

②句中含有or, or else, otherwise, but等词语,暗示句子的某一部分(前句或后句)需用虚拟语气。

另一种就非真实条件句,通过虚拟语气来表达。例如I would have arrived much earlier if I had not been caught in the traffic.(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在这句话中,假设“不堵塞”,但是真实情况并不是这样,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的形式:

He was on business in Beijing at that time; otherwise he might have helped us。

1)与现在事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/ should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were.

Luckily Mary telephoned to inform me of the meeting, or would have been I absent。

If you then examined the European national youth teams that feed the World Cup and professional ranks, you would find this strange phenomenon to be ever more pronounced.(2007,text 1 )(查看为世界杯和专业队输送人才的欧洲国家青年队,你会发现这一奇怪的现象更加明显。)

I should have attended my friend’s wedding ceremony, but I couldn’t afford the time。

2)与过去事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去完成时,主句用would/could/should have done .

2.虚拟语气在名词性从句中的运用

If he had played last season,however,he would have been one of 42. (2008 text3 )(如果他打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

⑴在主语从句中, 在下面的几种情况下,谓语动词通常用“should 动词原形”

3)与将来事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或were to do 结构,主句中用would /could/should 加动词原形。

①It is 形容词 that…句型。常见的形容词有important, necessary, natural, funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人惊讶的)等。

If you were to examine the birth certificates of every soccer player in 2006’s World Cup tournament, you would most likely find a noteworthy quirk: elite soccer players are more likely to have been born in the earlier months of the year than in the later months.(2007 text 1)(如果查看2006年世界杯联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的奇怪现象:好的足球运动员都在一年的头几个月而不是后几个月出生。)

② It is 名词 that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion, proposal(提议,建议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

4)混合时态的虚拟

③ It is 动词的过去分词 that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose, request, suggest, demand, require等。

指的是主句和从句分别表示两个时态,动词形式依照上述三种形式进行相应的变化。

在以上三种句型中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should 动词原形”, should可省略。例如:

If he had put all the important files in the safe yesterday, his boss wouldn’t be scolding him so angrily now.(如果昨天他把所有重要文件都放在保险箱中,他的老板现在也不会这个严厉的说他。)

It is important that we (should) have a good knowledge of computer in modern times。

5)省if 将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语之前,变成倒装句,考生对这种形式应该理解和掌握。

It is necessary that these useful expressions (should) be learnt by heart。

Had it not for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is.(1998 )(如果不是群众投资,我们的公司不会像现在这么兴旺。)

It is a shame that children (should) be forced to beg in the streets in the capital city。

6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如:with,without, under…condition, but for .

It's suggested that the school (should) organize an outing when spring comes。

And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher or out of the chamber, or refused to accept the slice of cucumber.(2005 text 1 )(如果一只猴子甚至没有用石块就能得到葡萄,另一只猴子就会向研究人员扔石头,或者把石头扔出房间,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

It is required that middle-schools students (should) take at least one-hour exercise every day。

这是比较常规和比较容易辨识的虚拟语气,希望同学们多加练习。肖方方老师也希望广大的考生在复习的过程中把遇到的所有长难句都进行汇总到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对性提高。

⑵在下列动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should 动词原形”,should可省略。这类动词有:insist(坚持), urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令), request(请求,要求), demand(要求),require(要求,需要)suggest(建议),advise(建议),propose(建议) , recommend(建议, 推荐) 等。

最后,沪江考研祝所有考生考研路上一切顺利。

The captain insisted that the wounded soldier (should) be sent to hospital at once。

新航道英语雅思如何

The policeman demanded the thief (should) tell his name and address。

Doctors strongly recommend that fathers (should) be present at their baby's birth。

【记忆小窍门】一个“坚持”和”催促”、二个“命令”, 三个“要求”, 四个“建议”。

⑶在含有advice, order, demand, proposal(提议) requirement, suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should 动词原形”,should可省略。

The governor gave order that the flood (should) be controlled before dark。

My suggestion is that the project (should) be completed by the end of the year。

在一些名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should 动词原形”或“should have done”,表示惊讶、意志等感情色彩,译为“竟然,居然”。

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

⑷在wish后的宾语从句中

①表示将来的愿望实现的可能性非常小,wish后的宾语从句的谓语动词用should/would/could/ might 动词原形。

We wish the friendship between the two countries would last forever。

②表示与现在事实相反的愿望,宾语从句的谓语动词用一般过去时(be动词用were)。

②He always wishes he were a millionaire and owned a big house and a sports car.

③表示与过去事实相反的愿望,宾语从句的谓语动词用过去完成时。

③How he wished he hadn’t wasted too much time on playing computer games while at school.

⑸在would rather/would prefer后的宾语从句中

在would rather/would prefer后的宾语从句中,常用过去时表示与现在或将来事实相反的愿望,用过去完成时表示与过去事实相反的愿望。

⑹在would rather/would prefer从句中

①Frankly speaking, I would rather you came tomorrow. The manager isn’t available today。

②I would rather you had gone to the party with me last night. It was really wonderful。

③—Could I smoke here?

—I'd prefer it if you didn’t smoke in front of the children。

  1. 在as if/though 后的方式状语从句中,表示某种情况与现在的事实相反, 谓语动词用过去式;表示即将发生的情况“用情态动词 动词原形”;表示某种的情况有过去的事实相反, 谓语动词用过去完成时。

The coach always treats the players as if they were his own children.

She was suffering from a bad cold. Her head felt as if it would burst。

Gary was behaving as though nothing had happened。

4.在in case, in order that目的状语从句中

在in case 引导的目的状语从句中,谓语动词用“should 动词原形”;在so that, in order that 等引导的目的状语从句中,谓语动词除了用“should 动词原形”外,还可用“might/could/would 动词原形”。

In case you should need any help, here’s my number。

In order that training should be effective it must be planned systematically。

I took a taxi so that I would/could/might be in time for the appointment。

  1. 在It is (high) time(that)…定语从句中,谓语用过去时或用should 动词原形。should不可省略。

It’s high time that we devoted/should devote our time to preparing for the coming exam。

  1. 在if only感叹句中

if only表示“但愿……”,“要是……就好了”,句中的谓语动词要用虚拟语气。其构成的方法与wish后的宾语从句基本相同。

If only Xiao Hua’s mother were still alive!

If only I had known the answer when my teacher questioned me。

If only I could fly to the moon in Shenzhou Ⅷ spaceship。

  1. 在简单句中

⑴情态动词Would/could/might,表示说话人的礼貌或委婉的语气,常用于日常会话中。

Would you be kind enough to show me the way to the post office? 您能否指点我去邮局的路?

Could you let me have your passport? 看看你的护照好吗?

Might I speak to you for a moment? 我能和你谈一下吗?(使用might比may更客气)

⑵表示祝愿

“may 动词原形”表示祝愿,通常把may置于句首,构成倒装语序。

May you succeed in the future!

May the friendship between us last long!

四. 注意事项

  1. 错综时间虚拟条件句中

如果if条件句表示的动作与主句表示的动作发生的时间不一致,从句和主句的谓语动词的形式要根据各自的时间来调整, 这种情况被称作“错综时间虚拟语气”或“混合虚拟语气”。

If America had not made wars on Iraq, the Iraqi people would be living a peaceful life now。

If I were you, I would have visited the museum yesterday.

If we didn’t have an exam tomorrow, my friends and I could be playing football now。

  1. 有时,只在条件句或主句中使用虚拟语气,而另一分句用陈述语气。

If you should change your mind, do let me know。

Should anyone call (= If anyone calls), please tell them that I’m busy。

Can you read that form carefully, if you wouldn’t mind, and then sign it?

I would appreciate it ifyou call back this afternoon for the doctor's appointment.

—What would you do if it rains tomorrow?

—We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready。

3. 在一些日常会话中,一些简单句通常暗含虚拟的意味。句中的谓语动词用would/could/ should be等形式或should/would/could/might have been等形式。

It couldn’t be better. 那太好了。

That would be very nice. 太好了。

I couldn’t agree with you more. 我非常同意你的意见。

I wouldn’t have dreamed of it. 我做梦也没有想到啊!

How careless I was! I could have done better in the exam. 我太粗心了,我本来可以考得很好的。

Tom hasn’t arrived yet. I should have written down the address for him. 我本应该把地址写下来的。

—How was you interview?

—It couldn’t have been better. Luckily, I found all the answers to questions。

—Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away?

4. 若insist表示“坚持说”,suggest表示“暗示,表明”,其后的宾语从句用陈述语气。

The smile on the boy’s face suggested that he was happy to die for his country。

The man insisted that he had not stolen anything and (should) be set free immediately。

  1. 如果as if/though从句描述的是真实的情况,谓语动词则用陈述语气,而不用虚拟语气。

It looks as if it is going to rain。

It sounds as though she has been really ill。

  1. 在“hadbetter/wouldrather,wouldlike/love to, was/wereto havedonesth”表示过去希望做某事,但事实上未做。例如:

— Do you mind if I open the window?

—I’d rather you didn’t. I feel a bit cold。

  1. hadthought/hoped/meant/intended/expected/wanted/plannedthat 从句 表示主语过去未曾实现的愿望。

Weweretohavearrived at9:00thismorning,butImissedthefirst bus.

IhadhopedthatIwouldbeof some help to you, but you didn’t ask me。

—Lucy is crying in the corner now. Didyouscoldherforhercarelessness in her homework?

—Yes,butI’drathernothavedoneit. 我要是不批评她就好了。

五. 精典名题导解

  1. (2008山东)Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ______ it without you。

A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage D. can have managed

考点解析:句中的介词短语without you表示一个假设的条件,而时间状语last week表明句子陈述的内容与过去的事实相反,因此最佳答案为B。

  1. (2008江西)What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he ____ better。

A. need have done B. must have done

C. can have done D. might have done

考点解析:“What a pity!”暗示他的表现令人遗憾。鉴于他的能力和经验,他本来可能发挥得更好,因此用might have done,最佳答案为D。

  1. (2009年郑州市第二次质量检测) —I wish I ________ the meeting。

—But you didn’t。

考点解析:答语But you didn’t暗示对方没有参加会议。因此说话人说“我真希望我参加了那个会议。”在wish后带的宾语从句中 ,如果表示与过去事实相反的愿望应用过去完成时,因此最佳答案为D。

  1. (河南省普通高中2009年毕业班教学质量调研考试) —Why didn’t you come to Mike's birthday party yesterday?

—Well, I________, but I forgot it。

A.should have B.must C.should D.must have

考点解析:答语意为“我本来应该去的,但是我忘记了”。should have done 表示“本来应该做某事,而未做”。作为简略,done 被省略,只保留should have,最佳答案为A。

  1. (2009年河北保定市高三调研试题)I ____ to go for a walk, but someone called and I couldn’t get way。

A. was planning B. had planned C. planned D. would plan

考点解析:句意为:我原计划去散步,但是有人来访,我无法走开。had planned to do sth表示过去未能实现的打算。最佳答案为B。

  1. (2009年河北保定市高三调研试题)I would like _______ you to my birthday party, but I was busy and forgot to call you。

A. to invite B. inviting C. to have invited D. having invited

考点解析:句意为:我本来想让你参加我的生日宴会,可是因为忙,我忘记了“。would like to have done sth。表示“本来想做某事(而未做)”。最佳答案为C。

  1. (江西省重点中学2009届高三第一次联考)—Did you visit the famous cultural relics last month?

—No, we _____ visited it, but we spent too much time shopping。

A. could have B. must have C. can have D. ought to have

考点解析:句意为: “我们本来有时间参观(文化古迹)的,可是我们在购物上花费了太多的时间”。 could have done表示“过去本来可以做某事(而未做) ”。最佳答案为A。

第十三讲 倒装句

一. 考纲要求

根据考纲的要求,考生需要掌握使用部分倒装和全部倒装的几种常见情况。

二. 命题导向

近年的高考试题主要是考查句子的正确语序、置于句首先的副词、短语和选择连词

三。复习要点

  1. 全部倒装

在下面几种情况下,需把全部的谓语动词放在主语之前,构成全部倒装:

(1)在There be/seem/appear/live/stand/lie/fly/exist/remain等存在句中。例如:

Look, there's that bookshop I was telling you about。

Long ago there lived a king with his three lovely daughters。

(2)表示时间、地点和动作转移的副词如here、there、now、then、up、down、in、away、out等置于句首时,为使生动地描述情景而采用倒装语序。此时,句子多用一般现在时或一般过去时。例如:

There goes the phone. I'll answer it。

There comes the bus!

Suddenly, in came a man with a mask on his face。

(3)Such作表语置于句首时。例如:

Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man and the 20th century's greatest scientist.

(4)直接引语的全部或部分位于句首时。例如:

“If you die, who will get your money?”asked Holmes。

(5)表示地点的介词短语开头的句子。

In the center of the square stands a monument。

On the back wall hangs a portrait。

Inside the pyramids are burial rooms for the kings and queens。

(6)为平衡句子结构,或使上下文衔接紧密,而将作表语的介词短语、形容词、副词或分词提到句首,引起倒装。例如:

Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people had to use foreign oil。

Seated on the grass are a group of students。

Lying about on the floor are books and magazines。

  1. 部分倒装

在下列几种情况下,只把助动词、系动词或情态动词放在主语之前,构成部分倒装。

(1) little, never, not, seldom, neither, nor, rarely, seldom, by no means, at no time,under no circumstances, in no case等表示否定意义的单词和短语位于句首时。例如:

Little does he care about what others think。

Under no circumstances are you to leave the house。

Not a word did he say at the meeting yesterday。

(2) 在not…until…, no sooner...than..., scarcely/hardly...when..., not only...but also... neither...nor.。.等句式中。例如:

Not until he told me did I know the truth。

Hardly had she sat down when the phone rang。

Not only do the workers want a pay increase, they want reduced hours as well。

Neither does he drink nor smoke。

(3) 当only 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句位于句首时。例如:

Only then did I find I have made a mistake。

(4) 在 so/such …that…。从句中,当so 形容词/副词或such 名词位于句首时。例如:

So exhausted was she that she wanted to have a rest。

(5)当表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一个人或事物时,常用so/as 系动词/助动词/情态动词 主语,表示“……也是……”。例如:

Times have changed and so have I。

Eve’s very tall, as was her mother。

(6)当neither, nor位于句首, 表示前面否定的内容也适用与另一个人或事物时,常用neither/nor 系动词/助动词/情态动词 主语,表示“……也不……”。例如:

They couldn’t understand it at the time, and nor could we。

(7)省略if的虚拟条件句,把助动词were、had、should提到主语前面时。例如:

Had it not been for your help, we shouldn't have achieved so much。

(8)as和though引导的让步状语从句时。例如:

Child as he is, he knows a lot of things。

Try as she might, Sue couldn't get the door open。

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

(9)当may放在句首,表达祝愿时。例如:

May you succeed! 祝你成功!

四. 注意事项

  1. 当主语是人称代词而不是名词时,以简短副词开头的句子不倒装。例如:

Here you are。

Away they went。

  1. 当only修饰主语而不是修饰状语时,句子不倒装。例如:

Only you are responsible for what you will become in the future。

Only in this way can you learn English well。

  1. not 修饰主语而不是修饰动词时,句子不倒装。例如:

Not one of the students knew the answer。

4. 当前后两个说话人谈论的是同一人、同一事时,常用so/as 主语 系动词/助动词/情态动词,不再采用主谓倒装。例如:

—I reminded you not to forget the appointment。

—So you did。

—You forgot your purse when you went out。

—Good heavens, so I did。

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